An Indian-built light fighter was the first to land aboard and launch from the Indian Navy’s first domestically built aircraft carrier, the service announced this week.
A naval variant of the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) made an arrested landing aboard INS Vikrant (R 11) before then again launching from the carrier’s ski-jump ramp.
Later, a Mig-29K aircraft trapped and took off from the carrier. The demonstration was part of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s drive for India’s self-reliance known, as “Aatmanirbhar Bharat.”
“The successful landing and take-off of the indigenous LCA Navy on India’s first Indigenous Aircraft Carrier is a momentous step forward towards the realization of our collective vision of Aatmanirbhar Bharat,” Indian Navy Chief of Naval Staff Adm. R. Hari Kumar said in a statement.
“The maiden landing of the MiG-29K also heralds the integration of the fighter aircraft with INS Vikrant.” The 37,000-ton Vikrant will pair with the Russian-built, 45,000-ton Kiev-class INS Vikramaditya (R33) as part of the Indian Navy’s two-carrier force.
“Vikrant is not fitted with a catapult, like U.S. aircraft carriers, but instead features a ski jump and arresting gear to facilitate short take-off but arrested landing of fixed-wing jets,” Eric Wertheim wrote for Proceedings in November. “The carrier can accommodate up to 30 fixed-wing and rotary-wing aircraft, including a mix of Russian-made MiG-29K fighters and Ka-31 airborne early-warning helicopters, Indian-manufactured Dhruv utility helicopters, and U.S.-produced MH-60R maritime helicopters.”
Vikrant has suffered years of delay and was delivered to the Indian Navy from shipbuilder Cochin Shipyard Limited (CSL) after construction began in 2009, reported USNI News. The Indian Navy is working on its second domestically built carrier, the planned 65,000-ton Vishal, which is still in the early phases of design.
The Indians are also in the midst of acquiring a new fighter for their carrier fleet. Hindustan Aeronautics Limited has proposed creating its own domestic Twin Engine Deck Based Fighter (TEDBF) that could be in production in about ten years. In the interim, the Indian Navy is considering the French Dassault Rafale M and the U.S.
Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet Block III. Both have been tested by the service with a land-based ski-jump.